Types of collocations in the English language


Types of collocations in the English language

  1. Verb + Noun Collocations: These are combinations of verbs and nouns that frequently occur together, such as “make a decision,” “take a shower,” or “do homework.”
  2. Adjective + Noun Collocations: These are pairs of adjectives and nouns that often go together, like “hot coffee,” “strong wind,” or “heavy rain.”
  3. Adverb + Adjective Collocations: These are combinations of adverbs and adjectives, such as “very happy,” “extremely tired,” or “incredibly beautiful.”
  4. Noun + Noun Collocations: These are compound nouns formed by combining two nouns, like “toothbrush,” “car park,” or “cell phone.”
  5. Preposition + Noun Collocations: These are combinations of prepositions and nouns, like “influence on,” “preparation for,” or “connection to.”
  6. Verb + Adverb Collocations: These are pairs of verbs and adverbs that often appear together, such as “run quickly,” “talk loudly,” or “eat slowly.”
  7. Noun + Prepositional Phrase Collocations: These involve a noun followed by a prepositional phrase, like “a cup of tea,” “the city of London,” or “a piece of cake.”
  8. Verb + Preposition Collocations: These are combinations of verbs and prepositions that convey specific meanings, like “look after,” “depend on,” or “listen to.”
  9. Adjective + Preposition Collocations: These are pairs of adjectives and prepositions that are commonly used together, such as “angry with,” “interested in,” or “good at.”
  10. Verb + Object Collocations: These are combinations of verbs and their direct objects, like “eat breakfast,” “write a letter,” or “read a book.”
  11. Phrasal Verbs: These are multi-word verbs formed by combining a verb with one or more particles (typically prepositions or adverbs), like “pick up,” “turn off,” or “get along with.”
  12. Idiomatic Expressions: These are fixed phrases or expressions that don’t follow typical grammatical rules, such as “kick the bucket” (meaning to die) or “hit the books” (meaning to study).
  13. Compound Adjectives: These are adjectives created by joining two or more words together with hyphens, like “well-known,” “high-quality,” or “easy-going.”

Verb + Noun Collocations

Here are 10 verb + noun collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Make a decisionShe had to make a decision about her career path.
Take a breakLet’s take a break and grab some coffee.
Give adviceCan you give me some advice on buying a car?
Run a businessMy uncle runs a successful bakery downtown.
Conduct a studyThe researchers conducted a study on climate change.
Write an essayI need to write an essay for my English class.
Hold a meetingWe’ll hold a meeting to discuss the project’s progress.
Break the newsIt’s never easy to break the news of a loved one’s passing.
Keep a promiseI always try to keep my promises to my friends.
Take a vacationAfter a long year of work, I decided to take a vacation.

Adjective + Noun Collocations

Here are 15 adjective + noun collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Beautiful sunsetThe beautiful sunset painted the sky in shades of orange and pink.
2. Cold weatherWe had to bundle up in warm clothes to endure the cold weather.
3. Delicious mealThe chef prepared a delicious meal with a variety of flavors.
4. Green forestThe green forest was home to many different species of animals.
5. Bright sunshineThe bright sunshine warmed our faces on the summer day.
6. Peaceful beachWe spent a peaceful day relaxing on the tranquil beach.
7. Heavy trafficThe heavy traffic made us late for the meeting.
8. Spicy foodI love eating spicy food, but it can be too hot for some people.
9. Tall buildingThe tall building stood as a landmark in the city.
10. Busy streetThe busy street was bustling with pedestrians and cars.
11. Soft pillowI rested my head on the soft pillow and quickly fell asleep.
12. Fresh flowersShe received a bouquet of fresh flowers for her birthday.
13. Warm sweaterI wore a warm sweater to stay cozy in the chilly weather.
14. Colorful paintingThe artist created a colorful painting that brightened up the room.
15. Sweet aromaThe sweet aroma of freshly baked bread filled the kitchen.

Adverb + Adjective Collocations

Here are 15 adverb + adjective collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Incredibly talentedShe is incredibly talented in playing the piano.
Remarkably fastThe car accelerated remarkably fast.
Extremely beautifulThe sunset over the ocean was extremely beautiful.
Surprisingly easyLearning the new software was surprisingly easy.
Exceptionally brightThe student demonstrated an exceptionally bright mind.
Astonishingly quickHis reflexes were astonishingly quick.
Incredibly deliciousThe homemade lasagna was incredibly delicious.
Remarkably quietThe library was remarkably quiet today.
Extremely rareFinding a four-leaf clover is extremely rare.
Surprisingly affordableThe hotel rates were surprisingly affordable.
Exceptionally talentedHe’s an exceptionally talented artist.
Astonishingly beautifulThe scenery was astonishingly beautiful.
Incredibly difficultSolving this puzzle is incredibly difficult.
Remarkably talentedThe young singer is remarkably talented.
Extremely generousHer donation was extremely generous.

These collocations combine adverbs and adjectives to provide a more vivid and precise description in each example sentence.

Noun + Noun Collocations

Here are 15 noun + noun collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Coffee shopLet’s meet at the coffee shop for a quick chat.
Business meetingThe business meeting lasted for three hours.
Traffic jamI was late to work because of a traffic jam.
Job interviewShe has a job interview scheduled for tomorrow.
Student loanPaying off my student loan is a priority.
Shopping mallThe shopping mall is crowded on weekends.
Rainy dayIt’s a perfect book to read on a rainy day.
Public transportationI prefer using public transportation to drive.
Birthday partyWe’re throwing a birthday party for Sarah.
Computer virusMy computer got infected with a computer virus.
Family vacationWe had a fantastic family vacation last summer.
Traffic accidentA traffic accident caused a major delay.
Health insuranceHaving health insurance is essential these days.
Summer vacationI’m looking forward to our summer vacation.
Job opportunityThis job opportunity came at the right time.

These collocations represent common combinations of nouns in English with example sentences to illustrate their usage.

Preposition + Noun Collocations

Sure, here are 15 preposition + noun collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
In the morningI like to drink coffee in the morning.
On the tableThere’s a book on the table.
Under the bedI found my missing shoe under the bed.
By the windowI enjoy reading a book by the window.
At the parkLet’s meet at the park this afternoon.
With a friendI went to the movies with a friend last night.
For breakfastI usually have cereal for breakfast.
In the cityThere are many restaurants in the city.
On the wallHang that picture on the wall, please.
By the riverWe had a picnic by the river yesterday.
At the officeI’ll be at the office until 5 PM today.
Under the treeLet’s have a picnic under the tree.
With a smileShe greeted me with a smile.
For dinnerI’m cooking spaghetti for dinner tonight.
In the mirrorI saw my reflection in the mirror.

These are just a few examples of preposition + noun collocations in English. There are many more combinations to explore.

MUST READ: Describe an activity you enjoyed in your free time when you were young


Verb + Adverb Collocations

Here are 15 verb + adverb collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Drive carefullyShe always drives carefully to avoid accidents.
Speak loudlyHe had to speak loudly to be heard over the noise.
Walk brisklyI like to walk briskly in the morning for exercise.
Work diligentlyShe worked diligently on her research project.
Sing beautifullyThe opera singer sang beautifully last night.
Sleep peacefullyAfter a long day, she finally slept peacefully.
Eat healthilyIt’s important to eat healthily for a balanced diet.
Study diligentlyHe studied diligently for his upcoming exams.
Drive recklesslyHe got a ticket for driving recklessly on the highway.
Speak fluentlyAfter years of practice, she can now speak fluently in Spanish.
Walk casuallyLet’s walk casually through the park and enjoy the scenery.
Work efficientlyThe new software helps us work more efficiently.
Sing passionatelyThe singer sang passionately about love and heartbreak.
Sleep soundlyAfter a long hike, he slept soundly in his tent.
Eat quicklyWe had to eat quickly to catch our train.

These are just a few examples of verb + adverb collocations in English. There are many more combinations to explore!

Noun + Prepositional Phrase Collocations

Here are 15 noun + prepositional phrase collocations with example sentences:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Belief inShe has a strong belief in the power of education.
2. Fear ofHis fear of spiders is quite irrational.
3. Love forMy love for music has been a lifelong passion.
4. Interest inThere is a growing interest in renewable energy.
5. Excitement aboutThere was a lot of excitement about the upcoming event.
6. Trust inWe have complete trust in our team’s abilities.
7. Faith inHer faith in humanity remains unshaken.
8. Passion forHis passion for cooking is evident in every dish.
9. Dedication toHer dedication to her job is truly admirable.
10. Connection withI feel a strong connection with this place.
11. Agreement onThey reached an agreement on the terms of the deal.
12. Concern forHer concern for the environment is commendable.
13. Approval ofThe board gave their approval of the project.
14. Disagreement withThere is a sharp disagreement with their decision.
15. Sympathy forHe expressed his sympathy for the family’s loss.

Verb + Preposition Collocations

Here are 15 verb + preposition collocations with example sentences presented in a table format:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Look forward toI look forward to meeting you next week.
2. Run out ofWe ran out of milk, so I need to buy some more.
3. Get along withShe gets along with her coworkers really well.
4. Think aboutHave you thought about your future career plans?
5. Talk toI need to talk to my boss about a raise.
6. Listen toCan you please listen to what I have to say?
7. Depend onThe success of the project depends on teamwork.
8. Write toI’ll write to you as soon as I get the chance.
9. Believe inI believe in the power of positive thinking.
10. Apologize forShe apologized for arriving late to the meeting.
11. Participate inI’m excited to participate in the charity run.
12. Take care ofCan you take care of my pets while I’m away?
13. Apply forHe decided to apply for a job in the marketing department.
14. Rely onI rely on public transportation to get to work.
15. Get used toIt takes time to get used to a new city.

These collocations and example sentences should help you understand how these verbs are commonly used with specific prepositions in English.

Adjective + Preposition Collocations

Sure, here are 15 adjective + preposition collocations with example sentences in a table format:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Interested inShe is interested in learning a new language.
2. Proud ofI’m proud of my sister’s accomplishments.
3. Good atHe’s good at playing the piano.
4. Afraid ofSarah is afraid of heights.
5. Angry withDon’t be angry with me; it was an accident.
6. Excited aboutWe’re excited about our upcoming vacation.
7. Tired ofI’m tired of working long hours.
8. Responsible forJohn is responsible for the project’s success.
9. Familiar withAre you familiar with this software program?
10. Sorry forI’m sorry for the mistake I made.
11. Proud ofThey are proud of their children’s achievements.
12. Dependent onOur plans are dependent on the weather.
13. Interested inHe’s always interested in trying new things.
14. Confident inShe is confident in her ability to solve the problem.
15. Happy forI’m happy for you and your new job opportunity.

These collocations demonstrate how specific adjectives are used with prepositions to convey various meanings in sentences.

Verb + Object Collocations

Here are 15 verb + object collocations with example sentences for IELTS preparation:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Conduct an experimentThe scientists conducted an experiment to test their theory.
Make a decisionIt’s time to make a decision about your future career.
Give a presentationShe gave a presentation on climate change at the conference.
Take a photographI like to take photographs of beautiful landscapes.
Write a reportHe had to write a report summarizing the project’s findings.
Run a businessThey successfully ran a business for over a decade.
Conduct researchThe university is known for conducting cutting-edge research.
Solve a problemEngineers work together to solve complex problems.
Build a relationshipIt’s important to build strong relationships in the workplace.
Reach a consensusAfter hours of discussion, they finally reached a consensus.
Create a masterpieceThe artist spent years creating a masterpiece.
Develop a strategyWe need to develop a strategy for marketing our product.
Take a riskEntrepreneurship often requires taking calculated risks.
Give an explanationCan you give me an explanation for your absence?
Organize an eventThe committee worked hard to organize a successful event.

These collocations and example sentences can be helpful for improving your English language skills and preparing for the IELTS exam.

Phrasal Verbs

Here are 15 phrasal verb collocations with example sentences for IELTS preparation:

CollocationsExample Sentences
Brush up onShe needs to brush up on her English before the exam.
Carry outThe scientists carried out a series of experiments.
Break downThe car broke down on the way to the interview.
Look forward toI look forward to hearing from you soon.
Get byDespite the challenges, she managed to get by.
Put offDon’t put off studying until the last minute.
Turn upHe didn’t turn up for the meeting yesterday.
Bring upShe brought up an interesting point in the discussion.
Run out ofWe ran out of time during the speaking test.
Set offThey set off on a trip around the world.
Call offThe event was called off due to bad weather.
Go overLet’s go over the key points one more time.
Take upShe decided to take up a new hobby – painting.
Look up toMany students look up to their teachers as role models.
Stand outHis impressive presentation really stood out.

These phrasal verbs and example sentences can help you improve your vocabulary and language skills for the IELTS exam.

Idiomatic Expressions

Here are 20 idiomatic expressions and collocations with example sentences for IELTS preparation:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Hit the nail on the headShe hit the nail on the head with her analysis of the problem.
2. Break a legGood luck on your performance tonight – break a leg!
3. Bite the bulletI had to bite the bullet and tell him the truth.
4. Piece of cakeThe exam was a piece of cake; I finished it in no time.
5. A penny for your thoughtsYou seem lost in thought – a penny for your thoughts?
6. Don’t cry over spilled milkDon’t cry over spilled milk; it’s already done.
7. Beat around the bushStop beating around the bush and tell me what you really think.
8. To kill two birds with one stoneTaking that course will allow you to kill two birds with one stone.
9. It’s raining cats and dogsWe had to cancel the picnic because it was raining cats and dogs.
10. Jump on the bandwagonMany companies are jumping on the bandwagon of eco-friendly products.
11. To be in hot waterHe’s in hot water with his boss after missing the deadline.
12. A piece of the pieIf you work hard, you’ll get a bigger piece of the pie.
13. Don’t put all your eggs in one basketDiversify your investments; don’t put all your eggs in one basket.
14. On the same pageWe need to get everyone on the same page for this project to succeed.
15. The ball is in your courtI’ve done my part; now the ball is in your court to make a decision.
16. Don’t judge a book by its coverDon’t judge her by her appearance; she’s incredibly talented.
17. To be on cloud nineWinning the championship made her feel like she was on cloud nine.
18. Break the icePlaying a game can help break the ice at social gatherings.
19. A blessing in disguiseLosing my job turned out to be a blessing in disguise as I found a better one.
20. Don’t count your chickens before they hatchLet’s wait for the results before celebrating; don’t count your chickens before they hatch.

These expressions and sentences should help you enhance your English language skills for the IELTS exam.

Compound Adjectives

Here 20 compound adjective collocations with example sentences for IELTS preparation:

CollocationsExample Sentences
1. Well-educatedShe is a well-educated woman with multiple degrees.
2. Open-mindedBeing open-minded is essential for cultural tolerance.
3. High-pitchedThe high-pitched sound of the alarm startled everyone.
4. Cold-heartedHis cold-hearted behavior made him unpopular at work.
5. Deep-seatedThe conflict had deep-seated roots in historical events.
6. Fast-pacedWorking in a fast-paced environment can be challenging.
7. Narrow-mindedNarrow-minded individuals often resist change.
8. Light-heartedThe movie had a light-hearted and humorous tone.
9. Heavy-handedHis heavy-handed approach to management caused problems.
10. HardworkingShe is known for her hardworking and dedicated nature.
11. Self-confidentSelf-confident people tend to perform better in interviews.
12. Quick-wittedHis quick-witted responses always entertain the group.
13. Thick-skinnedIn politics, you need to be thick-skinned to handle criticism.
14. Free-spiritedTheir free-spirited approach to life is inspiring.
15. Red-headedThe red-headed girl stood out in the crowd.
16. Two-facedNobody trusted him because he was two-faced.
17. Open-endedThe open-ended discussion allowed for diverse opinions.
18. Cold-bloodedThe cold-blooded killer showed no remorse.
19. Fast-growingThe tech industry is known for its fast-growing startups.
20. High-techThe high-tech gadgets have revolutionized our lives.

These compound adjectives and example sentences can help you improve your English vocabulary and are useful for IELTS preparation.