Production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases


Are you looking for IELTS Writing Task 2 topic “Production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases has a heating effect on the atmosphere and results in global warming.”

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:


Production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases has a heating effect on the atmosphere and results in global warming.

Why global warming is considered one of the most serious issues nowadays?

How can this problem be solved?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer: 1

Title: The Significance of Addressing Global Warming as a Pressing Concern

In recent years, the escalating production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases has sparked widespread concern due to their heating effect on the atmosphere, ultimately leading to global warming. Global warming is certainly one of the most pressing issues confronting humanity today. This essay will investigate the reasons behind the importance of this issue and propose potential solutions to tackle it.


Global warming is a significant concern primarily due to its far-reaching consequences on the environment, ecosystems, and human societies. One of the key reasons is the disruption of climate patterns, resulting in extreme weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, and heat waves. These occurrences lead to devastating effects, including loss of life, displacement of populations, and destruction of infrastructure.

Furthermore, melting polar ice caps and glaciers leads to rising sea levels, posing a direct threat to coastal regions and low-lying countries.

Another reason for the seriousness of global warming is its negative impact on biodiversity and ecosystems. Temperature changes alter habitats, endangering numerous plant and animal species, which disrupts the delicate balance of ecosystems. This, in turn, affects food chains and has cascading effects on entire ecosystems.

To address this issue, a diversified approach is required. First and foremost, a shift towards renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, is necessary to minimize the dependency on fossil fuels. Governments and industries must invest in research and development to make these technologies more efficient and accessible. Additionally, stringent regulations and international agreements are essential to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris Agreement, for instance, demonstrates the global commitment to combating climate change.


Public awareness and education also play a pivotal role. Individuals can participate by adopting eco-friendly behaviors in their daily life, such as using public transportation, conserving electricity, and minimizing waste. Educational campaigns can inspire people to make sustainable choices and hold governments and corporations accountable.

In conclusion, global warming’s severity stems from its profound impact on climate patterns, ecosystems, and human well-being. The path forward involves transitioning to renewable energy sources, implementing strict regulations, and fostering a collective sense of responsibility through education. Addressing this issue is not only a necessity but a shared responsibility to ensure a sustainable and habitable planet for future generations.

(Word count: 349)

Model Answer: 2

Global Warming: A Grave Contemporary Concern and its Solutions


Global warming refers to the steady increase in Earth’s average temperature owing to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases, such as carbon dioxide, trap heat from the sun, leading to climate change and potential environmental disruptions. It’s one of the world’s most serious issues right now. This issue makes the Earth’s average temperature go up, which causes problems for nature, weather, oceans, and people. Solving this problem is essential because it affects many things and needs quick action.

Why Global Warming is Considered a Serious Issue:

Firstly, global warming increases the melting of polar ice and glaciers, resulting in rising sea levels. This phenomenon increases the potential of disastrous coastal flooding, affecting many towns globally. Additionally, shifting weather patterns aggravate the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events like hurricanes, droughts, and wildfires, causing loss of life, property damage, and disruption of food supplies.

Furthermore, global warming damages ecosystems and biodiversity. As temperatures vary, many species fail to adapt or move, which can lead to imbalances in food chains and ecological collapse. Coral reefs, vital marine ecosystems, are particularly susceptible to temperature changes, resulting in coral bleaching and ecosystem deterioration.


Solutions to Address Global Warming:

1.   Transition to Renewable Energy: One of the most successful strategies is transitioning away from fossil fuels and adopting renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydroelectric. This not only cuts carbon emissions but also promotes energy sustainability and security.

2.   Energy Efficiency: Improving energy efficiency in industries, transportation, and buildings can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Implementing energy-saving technologies and promoting energy-conscious behaviours are essential steps.

3.   Afforestation and Reforestation: Planting trees and restoring deforested areas can absorb atmospheric carbon dioxide, contributing to carbon sequestration. Forests serve a key role in preventing climate change.


4.   International Cooperation: Global warming is a transnational challenge that demands international collaboration—agreements like the Paris Agreement foster cooperation among nations to set emission reduction targets and share best practices.

5.   Public Awareness and Education: Educating the people about their carbon footprint and advocating sustainable practices can produce a wave of support for climate action.

In conclusion, global warming poses a severe threat due to its far-reaching consequences on the environment, economies, and societies. Addressing this challenge requires a comprehensive approach involving renewable energy adoption, energy efficiency, afforestation, international cooperation, and public engagement. The urgency of this matter necessitates swift and concerted efforts to ensure a sustainable and habitable planet for future generations.